A bill, with aim to identify, prosecute, and deport illegal immigrants got signed today by Arizona Governor Jan Brewer. It is the toughest bill in the U.S. that deals with illegal immigrants.

The signing started immediate protests and clashes between supporters and dissenters from all over the nation. The bill had even been criticized by President Barack Obama before she signed. Obama, while speaking at a naturalization ceremony in the Rose Garden, had called for an overhaul of federal immigration laws. His hopes were that such an overhaul would help the system and avoid individual states making irresponsible laws.

Obama said that the Arizona law would undermine trust between police and communities, as well as the basic rights and notions of fairness that people in America cherish.

The law would give police broader power to detain anyone suspected of being an illegal immigrant. Failure to carry immigration documents would be a crime.

Critics say it invites racial profiling and permission to harass and discriminate against Hispanics.
Mexico’s Foreign Ministry worries about relations with Arizona and the rights of Mexico’s citizens living in that state. A Cardinal of Los Angeles, Roger M. Mahoney, said that the demand for documents seemed like Nazi tactics.
In support of the bill, Gov. Brewer said it gives Arizona more power to solve a problem the federal government refused to remedy.

The law is to take effect by August, 90 days after the legislative session ends. It is expected that court challenges will begin shortly.

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